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This climate type occurs primarily on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions. It is transitional to the tropical wet-dry climate on the equatorward side and to the mediterranean climate on its poleward margin, with a cooler, wetter winter resulting from the higher latitude and mid-latitude frontal cyclone activity. Annual precipitation totals are greater than in tropical and subtropical desert climates. Yearly variations in amount are not as extreme as in the true deserts but are nevertheless large.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "BSk". (Tropical and Subtropical Steppe Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Big Springs is 64.0°F (17.8°C). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 82.0°F (27.8°C). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 44.0°F (6.7°C).
The highest recorded temperature in Big Springs is 117.0°F (47.2°C), which was recorded in June. The lowest recorded temperature in Big Springs is -7.0°F (-21.7°C), which was recorded in February.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Big Springs is 17.4" (442 mm). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 2.6" (66 mm) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is January with an average of 0.5" (12.7 mm). In terms of liquid precipitation, there are an average of 39.3 days of rain, with the most rain occurring in May with 5.7 days of rain, and the least rain occurring in January with 1.8 days of rain.
In Big Springs, there's an average of 4.8" of snow (0 cm). The month with the most snow is February, with 1.9" of snow (4.8 cm).