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This climate type is characterized by extremely variable temperature conditions, with annual means decreasing and annual ranges increasing poleward, and relatively little precipitation. This climate is typically located deep within the interiors of continents and is contiguous with the tropical desert climates of North and South America and of central Asia. This region type owes its origins to locations deep within continental interiors, far from the windward coasts and sources of moist, maritime air. Remoteness from sources of water vapor is enhanced in some regions by mountain barriers upwind.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Bsh". (Mid-Latitude Steppe and Desert Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Dakar is 76.0°F (24.4°C). The warmest month, on average, is August with an average temperature of 82.0°F (27.8°C). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 70.0°F (21.1°C).
The highest recorded temperature in Dakar is 102.0°F (38.9°C), which was recorded in November. The lowest recorded temperature in Dakar is 52.0°F (11.1°C), which was recorded in February.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Dakar is 18.1" (459.7 mm). The month with the most precipitation on average is August with 5.9" (149.9 mm) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is January with an average of 0.4" (10.2 mm). There are an average of 41.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in August with 13.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in April with 0.0 days.
In terms of liquid precipitation, there are an average of 41.0 days of rain, with the most rain occurring in August with 13.0 days of rain, and the least rain occurring in April with 0.0 days of rain.