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This climate type occurs primarily on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions. It is transitional to the tropical wet-dry climate on the equatorward side and to the mediterranean climate on its poleward margin, with a cooler, wetter winter resulting from the higher latitude and mid-latitude frontal cyclone activity. Annual precipitation totals are greater than in tropical and subtropical desert climates. Yearly variations in amount are not as extreme as in the true deserts but are nevertheless large.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "BSk". (Tropical and Subtropical Steppe Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Urumqi is 45.0°F (7.2°C). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 76.0°F (24.4°C). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 11.0°F (-11.7°C).
The highest recorded temperature in Urumqi is 113.0°F (45°C), which was recorded in August. The lowest recorded temperature in Urumqi is 45.0°F (7.2°C), which was recorded in January.
There are an average of 172.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in December with 19.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in September with 10.0 days.
In terms of liquid precipitation, there are an average of 89.0 days of rain, with the most rain occurring in June with 15.0 days of rain, and the least rain occurring in January with 0.0 days of rain.