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This climate type occurs primarily on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions. It is transitional to the tropical wet-dry climate on the equatorward side and to the mediterranean climate on its poleward margin, with a cooler, wetter winter resulting from the higher latitude and mid-latitude frontal cyclone activity. Annual precipitation totals are greater than in tropical and subtropical desert climates. Yearly variations in amount are not as extreme as in the true deserts but are nevertheless large.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "BSk". (Tropical and Subtropical Steppe Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Tucumcari is 58.0°F (14.4°C). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 79.0°F (26.1°C). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 38.0°F (3.3°C).
The highest recorded temperature in Tucumcari is 108.0°F (42.2°C), which was recorded in June. The lowest recorded temperature in Tucumcari is -18.0°F (-27.8°C), which was recorded in January.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Tucumcari is 16.1" (408.9 mm). The month with the most precipitation on average is August with 2.7" (68.6 mm) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is January with an average of 0.4" (10.2 mm). There are an average of 41.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in July with 6.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in January with 2.0 days.
In terms of liquid precipitation, there are an average of 36.9 days of rain, with the most rain occurring in May with 5.3 days of rain, and the least rain occurring in January with 1.3 days of rain.
In Tucumcari, there's an average of 15.9" of snow (40.4 cm). The month with the most snow is February, with 3.6" of snow (9.1 cm).