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This climate is dominated in all months by the subtropical anticyclon, or subtropical high, with its descending air, elevated inversions, and clear skies. Such an atmospheric environment inhibits precipitation. Most of Earth's tropical, true desert climates occur between 15° and 30° latitude. The most extreme arid areas also are far removed from sources of moisture-bearing winds in the interiors of continents and are best developed on the western sides of continents, where the subtropical anticyclone shows its most intense development. An exception to the general tendency for aridity to be associated with subsidence is in the Horn of Africa region, where the dryness of Somalia is caused more by the orientation of the landmass in relation to the atmospheric circulation. Both the high- and low-sun monsoonal winds blow parallel to the coast, so that moisture-laden maritime air can penetrate over land only infrequently.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Bwh". (Tropical and Subtropical Desert Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Marsa Matruh is 67.0°F (19.4°C). The warmest month, on average, is August with an average temperature of 77.0°F (25°C). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 55.0°F (12.8°C).
The highest recorded temperature in Marsa Matruh is 111.0°F (43.9°C), which was recorded in May. The lowest recorded temperature in Marsa Matruh is 35.0°F (1.7°C), which was recorded in January.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Marsa Matruh is 16.4" (416.6 mm). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 3.9" (99.1 mm) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 0.0" (0 mm). In terms of liquid precipitation, there are an average of 34.7 days of rain, with the most rain occurring in December with 8.0 days of rain, and the least rain occurring in July with 0.0 days of rain.