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This climate type occurs primarily on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions. It is transitional to the tropical wet-dry climate on the equatorward side and to the mediterranean climate on its poleward margin, with a cooler, wetter winter resulting from the higher latitude and mid-latitude frontal cyclone activity. Annual precipitation totals are greater than in tropical and subtropical desert climates. Yearly variations in amount are not as extreme as in the true deserts but are nevertheless large.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "BSk". (Tropical and Subtropical Steppe Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Batna is 59.0°F (15°C). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 79.0°F (26.1°C). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 42.0°F (5.6°C).
The highest recorded temperature in Batna is 105.0°F (40.6°C), which was recorded in July. The lowest recorded temperature in Batna is 12.0°F (-11.1°C), which was recorded in February.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Batna is 12.6" (320 mm). The month with the most precipitation on average is March with 1.6" (40.6 mm) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 0.4" (10.2 mm). There are an average of 86.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in December with 11.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in July with 2.0 days.
In terms of liquid precipitation, there are an average of 79.0 days of rain, with the most rain occurring in December with 10.0 days of rain, and the least rain occurring in July with 2.0 days of rain.