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This climate type occurs primarily on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions. It is transitional to the tropical wet-dry climate on the equatorward side and to the mediterranean climate on its poleward margin, with a cooler, wetter winter resulting from the higher latitude and mid-latitude frontal cyclone activity. Annual precipitation totals are greater than in tropical and subtropical desert climates. Yearly variations in amount are not as extreme as in the true deserts but are nevertheless large.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "BSk". (Tropical and Subtropical Steppe Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Birjand is 65.0°F (18.3°C). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 86.0°F (30°C). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 40.0°F (4.4°C).
The highest recorded temperature in Birjand is 108.0°F (42.2°C), which was recorded in June. The lowest recorded temperature in Birjand is 8.0°F (-13.3°C), which was recorded in December.
There are an average of 41.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in January with 7.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in June with 1.0 days.
In terms of liquid precipitation, there are an average of 36.0 days of rain, with the most rain occurring in March with 7.0 days of rain, and the least rain occurring in June with 1.0 days of rain.